Toxic plants

Is Pride-of-India Toxic to Cats? 

by Clair Chesterman
Is Pride of India Toxic to Cats

The Pride-of-India Plant is poisonous to cats. Animals that consume the flesh surrounding the hard endocarp or ingest the entire fruit and then vent the endocarp have evolved to devour the fruits. The toxins in the seed will be exposed to the animal if the endocarp is broken or damaged during ingestion or digestion. The mechanisms of mastication and digestion, as well as the degree of immunity to certain toxins, differ greatly between species, resulting in a wide range of clinical symptoms following ingestion. The toxins are neurotoxins and unidentified resins, found mainly in the fruits.

What Is Pride-of-India?

Cat hisses at Texas Umbrella Tree

Pride of India is known as poisonous to humans. It is a deciduous tree belonging to the Meliaceae family, which includes mahogany. This plant was first imported as an ornamental in the United Areas around 1830, and it is now commonly planted in southern states. The Pride of India is well-known for its high-quality wood. 

Pride-of-India’s scientific name is Melia azedarach. Other names for this plant are; Bead Tree, Cape Lilac, Chinaberry Tree, China Ball Tree, Indian Lilac, Japanese Bead Tree, Paradise Tree, Persian Lilac, Syringa Berrytree, Texas Umbrella Tree, and White Cedar.

Clinical Signs of Pride-of-India Poisoning in Cats

Texas Umbrella Tree and cats

Poisoning symptoms begin to show up a few hours after intake. This includes the following:

First Aid and Treatment of Pride-of-India Poisoning in Cats

Texas Umbrella Tree and a cat nearby

If found early enough, the intake should be treated by inducing vomiting, administering activated charcoal, and providing supportive care. 

If he starts to have seizures, the vet will give him an anti-seizure medication to help him stop. A prescription might be given to him to speed up his heart rate if he has decreased heart rate. His oxygen saturation will be low and his blood will not flow as it should if his heartbeat becomes too slow, leading to numerous issues. To combat vomiting and diarrhea, medications can be administered. 

Recovery from Pride-of-India Poisoning in Cats

 Poisoning from Pride of India can range from mild to moderate, depending on how much your cat ingests. The poison affects each cat differently. The chances of full recovery depend on how soon he receives veterinary care. If your cat already had a preexisting medical condition prior to ingesting pride of India, it is imperative he receives medical attention immediately.

Prevention of Pride-of-India Poisoning in Cats

If you have the pride of India on your property, teach your cat from an early age not to pick up pieces of it to chew on or consume if you have it.

If you love plants but have cats at home, check out these lists:

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