Toxic plants

Is Grapefruit Toxic To Cats?

Is Grapefruit Toxic To Cats? 
Written by Clair Chesterman

Grapefruit is a popular fruit and commonly found in households. While it is generally safe for humans to consume, it is not safe for cats to eat. Grapefruit has been discovered to contain psoralen chemicals, which are harmful to cats and can be absorbed via the skin as well as eaten. All parts of the fruit are considered toxic, including the peel, fruit, and seeds, which can cause significant symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and photosensitivity.

What Is Grapefruit?

The grapefruit is scientifically known as citrus paradisi, a subtropical citrus tree known for its relatively large, sour to semi-sweet, somewhat bitter fruit. The interior flesh is segmented and varies in color from pale yellow to dark pink. Grapefruit trees are evergreen and grow to be roughly 16 to 20 feet tall, though they can grow to be as tall as 49 feet. It has glossy, dark green, long, and thin leaves and produces four-petaled white blooms. The fruit has a yellow-orange peel and is shaped like an oblate spheroid.

Grapefruit is a citrus hybrid that originated in Barbados and belongs to the Rutaceae plant family. It comes in a range of varieties, each defined by the color of the flesh of the fruit it produces — the most frequent pulp colors are yellow and pink.

Clinical Signs of Grapefruit Poisoning in Cats

Grapefruit poisoning can be fatal if ingested in a huge quantity. If your cat ingested grapefruit, symptoms that he or she may experience are the following:

  • Depression
  • Lethargy
  • Trembling
  • Drooling
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Photosensitivity
  • Dermatitis
  • Liver or renal failure

First Aid and Treatment of Grapefruit Poisoning in Cats

To manage poisoning symptoms, your cat will get supportive care. Vomit induction, the use of activated charcoal, and gastric lavage are some of the options of your veterinarian. Your cat will receive intravenous fluid therapy to prevent dehydration caused by vomiting and diarrhea. The vital signs and organ function of your cat will be closely monitored. Organ function may be monitored through blood tests and urinalysis. If necessary in your cat’s condition, medication to support liver and kidney function will be supplied.

Recovery from Grapefruit Poisoning in Cats

If your cat has been poisoned by grapefruit, he or she may need to follow a particular diet to recuperate from any damage to internal organs like the liver or kidneys. Grapefruit absorption or consumption should be watched for any additional signs that could signal long-term consequences or damage to your cat. The vet may require follow-up appointments based on your cat’s condition.

Prevention of Grapefruit Poisoning in Cats

It is not recommended to grow grapefruit trees within your property if you have cats living with you. You should keep your cat indoors to minimize the risk of exposure to grapefruit and other poisonous plants in nearby areas.

If you love plants but have cats at home, check out these lists:

About the author

Clair Chesterman

Clair Chesterman is a professional cat breeder having her own cageless CFA and CCA Registered cattery & fostering company FluffyMeowPaws in Eugene, Oregon. Clair is a plant enthusiast too and she made in-depth research on toxic and non-toxic plants for cats.

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