Toxic plants

Is Caraway or Meridian Fennel Toxic To Cats?

Is Caraway or Meridian Fennel Toxic To Cats? 
Written by Clair Chesterman

Commonly known as Meridian Fennel and Persian Cumin, Caraway is a flowering plant is commonly used in essential oils. While Caraway has a variety of uses, it is dangerous for your cats as it contains carvone and limonene. Carvone is a chemical compound found in several insecticides and essential oils while limonene is a type of citrus oil that can harm or kill the liver.

What Is Caraway?

Caraway or scientifically known as Carum carvi is from the Umbelliferae family native to western Asia, Europe, and North Africa. The plant has finely divided, feathery leaves with thread-like divisions, similar to other members of the carrot family.

Caraway is a ubiquitous spice in a variety of recipes. It may be used whole or ground and sometimes infused with liquors as well. It’s also utilized as a skin-care supplement and essential oil.

Clinical Signs of Caraway Poisoning in Cats

Caraway poisoning symptoms may be linked to liver damage or failure. Seek immediate veterinary attention as soon as you notice any of the following clinical signs:

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Drooling
  • Excessive thirst 
  • Appetite loss
  • Jaundice

First Aid and Treatment of Caraway Poisoning in Cats

Caraway poisoning is treated the same way as other plant intoxication. The veterinarian is the best person to decide on the treatment plant based on your cat’s specific needs.

To restore fluid balances, intravenous fluid and nutritional therapy may be required. If vomiting is prominent, anti-vomiting medicine may be given to help slow it down. Activated charcoal or similar drugs may be prescribed to absorb poisons before they enter the bloodstream, depending on the severity of the poisoning.

Additional drugs may be provided to help heal if acute liver damage or failure has occurred. Antibiotics, antioxidants, diuretics, lactulose, and antiulcer medications may be prescribed by your veterinarian if your cat needs them. 

Recovery from Caraway Poisoning in Cats

If Caraway poisoning is treated early, your cat will fully recover in no time. Make sure to follow your doctor’s instructions to the letter, especially if the prescription medications must be taken at home. A change in your cat’s food is recommended, especially if your cat has liver disease. As your cat regains strength, provide a peaceful and pleasant environment for him.

Prevention of Caraway Poisoning in Cats

You should avoid growing Caraway within the vicinity of your home. If Caraway is grown in your neighbor’s yard, keep your cat away from it. Keep your cat busy indoors by utilizing cat houses or play fences. You can also build additional security in the surrounding of your home by installing fences and safety nets to limit your cat from wandering away from your home. 

If you love plants but have cats at home, check out these lists:

About the author

Clair Chesterman

Clair Chesterman is a professional cat breeder having her own cageless CFA and CCA Registered cattery & fostering company FluffyMeowPaws in Eugene, Oregon. Clair is a plant enthusiast too and she made in-depth research on toxic and non-toxic plants for cats.

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