Bergamot Orange or also known as Bergamot, Citrus Bergamia, Bitter Orange, Sevilla Orange, and Sour Orange, contains psoralen and essential oils that are poisonous to cats. This toxin absorbs energy from direct sunlight that shines on the skin and then uses it to fuel a chemical reaction after being ingested by a cat. This reaction causes rash and blisters which are distinctive signs of citrus fruit poisoning.
Essential oils, on the other hand, are neurotoxins that interfere with the nervous system’s ability to regulate biological activities effectively. Symptoms of increased lethargy, as well as a portion of the vomiting and diarrhea, are caused by these essential oils.
What Is Bergamot Orange?
Scientifically known as Citrus Aurantium from the Rutaceae family, Bergamot Orange is native to southeast Asia and is one of the popular varieties of oranges grown in the United States. It typically grows in warm climate countries thus, it is cultivated in different parts of the world.
Bergamot Orange extracts are used to flavor smokeless tobacco among other things. The fruit’s juice is slightly bitter compared to grapefruit, but not as sour as lemon juice. Bergamot essential oil is also used in fragrance, and the rind of the fruit is commonly utilized in aromatherapy.
Clinical Signs of Bergamot Orange Poisoning in Cats
Once your cat is found to have ingested any part of Bergamot Orange, seek medical assistance from a veterinarian as soon as possible. Bergamot Orange poisoning symptoms include the following:
First Aid and Treatment of Bergamot Orange Poisoning in Cats
Fluid replacement therapy is essential in the treatment of Bergamot Orange poisoning since it helps to replace the liquids lost due to vomiting and diarrhea. It will also help to avoid dehydration. Additionally, it will also help flush the psoralen and essential oils out of the cat’s system. This will immediately reduce photosensitivity and should quickly increase the cat’s energy levels.
After receiving appropriate treatment and medication, your cat’s vomiting and diarrhea will subside; but, your cat’s digestive tract will most likely be sensitive for a while after the poisoning, so he or she may continue to vomit after eating.
Recovery from Bergamot Orange Poisoning in Cats
Bergamot Orange poisoning symptoms are usually mild so your cat will recover most likely in a week. Because your cat’s stomach has become more sensitive as a result of the poisoning, your vet may require to offer the cat a liquid diet, which is significantly easier to digest. Make sure to give your cat an ample supply of fluids to continue washing away any toxin residue from his or her stomach. Keep your home quiet and comfortable for your cat as he or she is recuperating.
Prevention of Bergamot Orange Poisoning in Cats
If you have Bergamot Orange at home or any citrus fruit, keep them away from your cat’s reach. Keep your cat busy and comfortable inside your home. Make sure that your cat does not wander far from your house or to areas where Bergamot Oranges are grown.
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